Things You Need To Know About Africa
Forget whatever the media showed you, the hunger, and wars be devilling Africa; clear your head from those horrific pictures the movies showed you about Africa. Let’s learn; check out things you didn’t know about Africa.
Africa is a continent, not a country.
It is sad to see or hear people call Africa a country instead of a continent. Africa is the second- largest continent in the world! It has a total area of around 11.73 million square miles, which is 5.7% of the Earth’s surface as well as 20% of the entire surface of land on planet earth.
Africa has the second-largest population in the world; it has approximately 16.87% of the world’s population. No wonder the continent is home to the most genetically diverse people on Earth. Furthermore, it is divided into five sub-sections; we have North Africa, Southern Africa, East Africa, and West Africa. Moreover, the continent has 54 countries, ten territories, and two defacto independent states with limited or no recognition.
Also, Sudan was the largest country in Africa, but Algeria took the lead by geographical area when Sudan split into Sudan and South Sudan. Cairo, the capital city of Egypt, is the largest city in the Middle East and the Arab world.
Do you know that the length and breadth of Africa are about the same? Yes, the horizontal width is 4,355 miles from Dakar (Senegal), east to Mogadishu, Somalia and Vertical length 4,504 miles from Cape Town (South Africa) north to Tripoli (Libya).
Contrary to popular belief, Africa is NOT isolated from the rest of the world; the distance between Europe and Africa is less than 9 miles at the Strait of Gibraltar. It separates Spain from Morocco and ferries are available to take you from Africa to Europe or Europe to Africa.
More than 1500 languages are spoken in Africa
Africans do not speak one language, and it is myopic to assume Africans have one language. There are more than 3000 distinct ethnic groups in Africa, and around 2000 different languages are spoken in Africa. Also, these languages have different dialects.
Arabic is widely spoken in Africa, followed by English, Swahili and French, respectively. Besides, Africa is the first continent where humans were found, judging by the records of fossil remains. The remains suggested that humans inhabited Africa around seven million years ago.
Africa has the longest River
The longest river is River Nile, and it is approximately 4,258 miles long and passes Flowing northward through Tanzania, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Kenya, Ethiopia, Eritrea, South Sudan, Sudan and Egypt.
Africa has the largest, tallest, and fastest Animals.
The largest land animal on earth is Elephant, and they are from Africa; they are gigantic and weigh over six tons. Also, they can be up to seven meters long in size. The world’s tallest animal is the giraffe, male giraffes can reach up to 6 m in height, and females can reach 4.6m. The fastest land animal on earth is cheetahs, and they live in Africa. Their speed is up to around 60
miles per hour! This record was set in 2012 by Sarah, who is an eleven years old cheetah.
The second-largest movie industry in the world is in Africa. Nollywood is the second-largest movie industry in the world, and it is in Africa. The Nigeria film industry took this position in terms of value, number of annual films, revenue and popularity.
The industry produces about 2,500 films in a year. Nigeria’s film industry contributed 2.3% of its gross domestic product.
Africa was civilized before colonization
Contrary to what you read in textbooks, and what the media show you, Africans were conducting businesses, educating their children, and promoting their culture in their unique ways, until the emergence of the colonial masters. Colonialism successfully brainwashed the people to leave
their beliefs, and make them see the ways of their masters as the only “proper” way to act, talk, and do things. Africans built strong houses, constructed roads, and fought wars way before colonization.
Africa is rich in natural resources
This continent has a large quantity of natural resources, which include gold, bauxite, uranium, diamond, iron, cobalt, silver, petroleum, sugar, salt, and cocoa beans, to name a few. The big question is, why a continent as rich, and blessed as Africa looks so poor (going by what the media make us believe)?
One thing is sure; Africa is a blessed and unique continent. Everything you can think of is in Africa. You don’t have to take my word for it, travel to Africa to see for yourself!